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054) Mafjar, Tell el-

[PADIS code 0005]

Arabic: تل المفجر

Site location: Lat. +31° 52' 30.49" N; Long. +35° 27' 53.61" E.

Site extension: 20 dunams.

State of preservation: partly preserved, partly under modern cultivations and modern edification.

Disturbance: modern cultivations, modern building activities.

Occupational periods: Late Chalcolithic, Early Bronze I, Byzantine, Late Islamic.




Late Chalcolithic Period

Site typology: village.

Domestic architecture: houses, pits, silos.

Funerary architecture: infant jar burial.

Material culture: clay figurines, bone tools, stone vessels, stone tools, stone objects and tools, flint tools, pottery.

Bibliography: Mellaart 1962, 156-157, site n. 85, figs., 13-15, pls. XXX-XXXI; Leonard 1992, 9-23, site n. 85, pls. 2-5; Taha et al. 2004; Porëe - Lehmann 1995; Anfinset 2006.


Early Bronze I

Site typology: village.

Domestic architecture: houses, pits.

Material culture: flint tools, pottery.

Bibliography: Mellaart 1962, 156-157, site n. 85, figs., 13-15, pls. XXX-XXXI; Leonard 1992, 9-23, site n. 85 (diagnostic sherds: pl. 5:19-21); Taha et al. 2004.


Byzantine Period

Site typology: monastery (Elias' Monastery, after Sion 1996, 249 = Sion's site D).

Public architecture: monastery.

Bibliography: Sion 1996, 249, 262, site D.


Late Islamic Period

Site typology: architectural remains.

Domestic architecture: silos.

Bibliography: Leonard 1992, 10; Anfinset 2006, 64.



Anfinset, N.
2006 "The Joint Palestinian-Norwegian Expedition at Tell el-Mafjar", in L. Nigro - H. Taha (eds.), Tell es-Sultan/Jericho in the Context of the Jordan Valley: Site Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development. Proceedings of the International Workshop Held in Ariha 7th - 11th February 2005 by the Palestinian Department of Antiquities and Cultural Heritage - Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, UNESCO Office - Ramallah, Rome "La Sapienza" University (Rome «La Sapienza» Studies on the Archaeology of Palestine & Transjordan 2), Rome 2006, pp. 63-82.
Anfinset, N. - Taha, H. - Yasin, J. - Zawahira, M.
2011 "Societies in transition: Contextualizing Tell el-Mafjar", in J.L. Lovell - Y.M. Rowan (eds.), Culture, Chronology and the Chalcolithic. Theory and Transition, Oxford 2011.
Leonard, A. jr.
1992 The Jordan Valley Survey, 1953: some unpublished soundings conducted by James Mellaart (Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 50), Winona Lake, In. 1992 (in particular pp. 9-23, pls. 2-5).
Mellaart, J.
1962 "Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Survey in the Yarmouk and Jordan Valleys", in Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 6-7 (1962), pp. 126-157 (in particular pp. 156-157, site n. 85, figs. 13-15, pls. XXX-XXXI).
Porëe, B. - Lehmann, G.
1995 "Implantation humaine dans l'oasis de Jéricho: les sites néolithiques, chalcolithiques et de l'âge du Bronze découverts lors de la campagne 1994 de prospections archéologiques dan le territoire", in Orient Express 3 (1995), pp. 93-94.
Sion, O.
1996 "The Monasteries of the Desert of the Jordan", in Liber Annuus 46 (1996), pp. 245-264 (in particular pp. 249, 262, site D).
Taha, H. et al.
2004 "Preliminary Report on the First Season of the First Season of the Palestinian-Norwegian Expedition at Tell el-Mafjar 2002, Jericho", in Orient Express 2004/2, pp. 40-44.