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066) Nitla, Khirbet en-/Tell Jaljul (Galgala)

[PADIS code 0007]

Arabic: خربة النتلة

Site ancient name: biblical Galgala (Augustinović 1951, 166-168; Hirschfeld 1990, 50-51, site n. 33 = Sion's site E [Sion 1996, 250]).

Site location: Lat. +31° 51' 5.65" N; Long. +35° 29' 16.59" E.

Site extension: 5 dunams.

State of preservation: ruins, partly under modern cultivations.

Disturbance: modern cultivations.

Occupational periods: Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic.

Plates: I, III, XXXVII-XXXVIII.

 

 

Hellenistic Period

Site typology: occupational layers.

Material culture: pottery.

Bibliography: Foerster 1993, 697.

 

Roman Period

Site typology: occupational layers.

Material culture: pottery.

Bibliography: Foerster 1993, 697.

 

Byzantine Period

Site typology: village.

Public architecture: monastery (church, monastic cells, reservoir).

Domestic architecture: houses.

Material culture: mosaics with Latin inscriptions, glass, coins.

Bibliography: Guérin 1874, 117-126; Clermont-Ganneau 1896, 37; Conder - Kitchener 1883, 184-191; Féderlin 1903, 309-310; Augustinović 1951, 162-168; Baramki 1955; Kelso - Baramki 1955, 32-35; Wolf 1955; North 1956, 519; 1967, 79; Ovadiah 1970, 114-116; Ovadiah - de Silva 1981, 216-217; 1982, 149-150; Hirschfeld 1990, 50-52, site n. 33; Foerster 1993; Sion 1996, 250, 262, site E.

 

Early Islamic Period

Site typology: village.

Public architecture: monastery (churches).

Domestic architecture: houses.

Material culture: mosaics, glass, coins, bronze shovel, clay figurines, pottery.

Bibliography: Clermont-Ganneau 1896, 37; Augustinović 1951, 162, 167-168; Baramki 1955, 50-52; Kelso 1955, 35-39; North 1956, 519; 1967, 79; Ovadiah - de Silva 1981, 217; Foerster 1993.

 

Bibliography

Augustinović, A.
1951 Gerico e dintorni, Jerusalem 1951 (in particular pp. 162-168).
Baramki, D.C.
1955 "The Excavations at Khirbet en-Nitla", in J.L. Kelso - D.C. Baramki (eds.) 1955, pp. 50-52.
Clermont-Ganneau, C.
1896 Archaeological Research in Palestine During the Years 1873-1874, Vol. II, London 1896 (in particular p. 37).
Conder, C.R. - Kitchener, H.H.
1883 The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Volume III. Sheets XVII-XXVI. Judaea, London 1883 (in particular pp. 184-191).
Féderlin, J.L.
1903 "Recherches sur les laures et monasteries de la plaine de Jordain et du désert de Jérusalem", in La Terre Sainte 20 (1903), pp. 117-331 (in particular pp. 309-310).
Foerster, G.
1993 "Khirbet en-Nitla", in E. Stern (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. 2, Jerusalem 1993, pp. 696-697.
Guérin, V.H.
1874 Description géographique, historique et archéologique de la Palestine I: Samaria, Paris 1874 (in particular pp. 117-126).
1884 La Terre Sainte: son histoire - ses souvenir - ses sites - ses monuments, Vol. 2, Paris 1884 (in particular p. 194).
Hirschfeld, Y.
1990 "List of the Monasteries of the Judean Desert", in G.C. Bottini - L. Di Segni - E. Alliata (eds.), Christian Archaeology in the Holy Land - New Discoveries. Essays in Hounour of Virgilio C. Corbo, OFM (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Collectio Maior 36), Jerusalem 1990, pp. 1-90 (in particular pp. 50-52, site n. 33).
Kelso, J.L. - Baramki, D.C.
1955 "The Pottery of New Testament Jericho and Khirbet en-Nitla", in J.L. Kelso - D.C. Baramki (eds.) 1955, pp. 20-41 (in particular pp. 32-39).
Kelso, J.L. - Baramki, D.C. (eds).
1955 Excavations at New Testament Jericho an Khirbet en-Nitla (Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 29-30, 1949-1951), New Haven 1955.
North, R.
1956 "Review of «Excavations at New Testament Jericho»", in Biblica 37 (1956), pp. 515-519 (in particular p. 519).
1967 Les Fouilles dans la region de Jéricho, Rome 1967 (in particular p. 79).
Ovadiah, A.
1970 Corpus of Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land (Theophaneia. Beiträge zur religions- und Kirchengeschichte des Altertums 22), Bonn 1970 (in particular pp. 114-116).
Ovadiah, A. - de Silva, C.G.
1981 "Supplement of the Corpus of the Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land (Part I)", in Levant 13 (1981), pp. 200-261 (in particular pp. 216-217).
1982 "Supplement of the Corpus of the Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land Part II: Updated Material on Churches discussed in the Corpus", in Levant 14 (1982), pp. 122-170 (in particular pp. 149-150).
Sion, O.
1996 "The Monasteries of the Desert of the Jordan", in Liber Annuus 46 (1996), pp. 245-264 (in particular pp. 250, 262, site E).
Wolf, C.U.
1955 "Khirbet en-Nitla not the Byzantine Galgala", in J.L. Kelso - D.C. Baramki (eds.) 1955, pp. 57-60.