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012) Abu Hindi, Tell area: St. Andrew's Church

[PADIS code 0046]

Arabic: (تل ابو هندي (كنيسة القديس اندراوس

Site location: Lat. +31° 51' 12.61" N; Long. +35° 27' 1.41" E.

Site extension: 0.75 dunams.

Extension: 25 m (north-south) × 30 m (east-west).

State of preservation: ruins, partly under modern cultivations.

Disturbance: modern cultivations.

Occupational periods: Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic, Middle Islamic.

Plates: I, III.



Roman (Herodian) Period

Site typology: architectural remains.

Public architecture: pool, cisterns.

Material culture: terracotta jars.

Bibliography: Meinardus 1966, 183-184.


Byzantine Period

Site typology: church.

Public architecture: St. Andrew's Church (25 m north-south x 30 m east-west), monastic cells.

Funerary architecture: tombs.

Material culture: mosaics with Greek inscriptions, stone witch cufic (?) inscription, iron cross, stone cultic furniture, stone vessel.

Bibliography: Augustinović 1950, 265; 1951, 77-83; Meinardus 1966; Ovadiah 1970, 73-74; Cirelli - Zagari 2000, 366; Zagari 2000, 356.


Early Islamic Period

Site typology: church.

Public architecture: St. Andrew's Church.

Material culture: head of a female statue, marble furniture with Arabic inscription, pottery.

Bibliography: Meinardus 1966, 193.


Middle Islamic Period

Site typology: church.

Public architecture: St. Andrew's Church.

Material culture: pottery.

Bibliography: Meinardus 1966, 194.



Augustinović, A.
1950 "Note su Gerico Bizantina", in La Terra Santa 25/9 (1950), pp. 264-266 (in particular p. 265).
1951 Gerico e dintorni, Jerusalem 1951 (in particular pp. 77-83).
Cirelli, E. - Zagari, F.
2000 "L'oasi di Gerico in età bizantina e islamica. Problemi e proposte di ricerca", in Archeologia Medievale 27 (2000), pp. 365-376 (in particular p. 366).
Meinardus, O.
1966 The Byzantine Church of St. Andrew in Jericho (Extrait du Bulletin de la Société d'Archéologie Copte, XVIII), Le Caire 1966.
Ovadiah, A.
1970 Corpus of Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land (Theophaneia. Beiträge zur religions- und Kirchengeschichte des Altertums 22), Bonn 1970 (in particular pp. 73-74).
Zagari, F.
2000 "Appendix H: Remarks on the Byzantine occupation of Tell es-Sultan", in N. Marchetti - L. Nigro (eds.), Excavations at Jericho, 1998. Preliminary Report on the Second Season of Archaeological Excavations and Surveys at Tell es-Sultan, Palestine (Quaderni di Gerico 2), Rome 2000, pp. 355-381 (in particular p. 356).