041) Deir Mar Jariys/Deir el-Qelt (St. George's Monastery or Monastery of Choziba)

[PADIS code 0015]

Arabic: دير مار جريس / دير القلط (دير القديس جورجيوس أو دير كوزيبا

Site ancient name: St. George's Monastery or Monastery of Choziba.

Site location: Lat. +31° 50' 37.22" N; Long. +35° 24' 39.33" E.

Site extension: 10 dunams.

State of preservation: preserved.

Occupational periods: Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Crusader, Ottoman, Modern.

Plates: I, III, XXXIX, XLI-XLIII.

 

 

Hellenistic Period

Site typology: aqueduct.

Public architecture: aqueduct.

Bibliography: Meshel - Amit 2002, fig. 1a.

 

Roman Period

Site typology: aqueduct.

Public architecture: aqueduct.

Domestic architecture: caves, cisterns.

Material culture: pottery.

Bibliography: Patrich 1987-1988, 66; 1990, 208, note 24.

 

Byzantine Period

Site typology: monastery.

Public architecture: monastery (coenobium, chapel, monastic cells).

Funerary architecture: cave.

Material culture: frescoes with Greek inscriptions (chapel), mosaics with Greek inscriptions, inscriptions (cave).

Bibliography: Marti 1880, 12-13; Conder - Kitchener 1883, 179, 181, 192-198; Athanasiades 1895; Clermont-Ganneau 1896, 29-32; Vailhé 1898, 108-112, 117; Schneider 1931; Ovadiah 1970, 50; Meimaris 1978, 186-188; Ovadiah - de Silva 1981, 213-214; 1982, 137; Hirschfeld 1990, 29-31, site n. 15, figs. 33-34; 1992, 36-38, 113-114, 135-136, 207-208; Patrich 1987-1988, 66, figs. 26-27; 1990; Nigro, F. 1998, 208; Donceel-Voûte 1999, 87.

 

Crusader Period

Site typology: monastery.

Public architecture: monastery.

Material culture: frescoes.

Bibliography: Schneider 1931; Benvenisti 1970, 365; Meimaris 1978, 173-174.

 

Ottoman/Modern Period

Site typology: monastery.

Public architecture: monastery.

Material culture: paintings, Greek and Arabic inscriptions.

Bibliography: Sion 1996, 259; Yahya 2007, 6-8.

 

Bibliography

Athanasiades, K.
1895 ‘Η Ιερα Μονητου Χοζεβα, Athens 1895.
Benvenisti, M.
1970 The Crusaders in the Holy Land, Jerusalem 1970 (in particular p. 365).
Clermont-Ganneau, C.
1896 Archaeological Research in Palestine During the Years 1873-1874, Vol. II, London 1896 (in particular pp. 29-32).
Conder, C.R. - Kitchener, H.H.
1883 The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Volume III. Sheets XVII-XXVI. Judaea, London 1883 (in particular pp. 179, 181, 192-198).
Donceel-Voûte, P.
1999 "L'Hérodion, l'église de la Nativité, les premiers monastères chrétiens", in Dossier d'Archéologie 240 (Jan./Fév. 1999), pp. 78-87 (in particular p. 87).
Hirschfeld, Y.
1990 "List of the Monasteries of the Judean Desert", in G.C. Bottini - L. Di Segni - E. Alliata (eds.), Christian Archaeology in the Holy Land - New Discoveries. Essays in Hounour of Virgilio C. Corbo, OFM (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Collectio Maior 36), Jerusalem 1990, pp. 1-90 (in particular 29-31, site n. 15, figs. 33-34).
1992 The Judean Desert Monasteries in the Byzantine Period, New Haven - London 1992 (in particular pp. 36-38, 113-114, 135-136, 207-208).
Marti, K.
1880 "Mittheilungen von Barauth C. Schick in Jerusalem über die alten Lauren und Klöster in der Wüste Juda", in Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 3 (1880), pp. 1-43 (in particular pp. 12-13).
Meimaris, Y.
1978 "The Hermitage of St. John the Chozibite, Deir Wadi el-Qilt", in Liber Annuus 28 (1978), pp. 171-192, pls. 35-46.
Meshel, Z. - Amit, D.
2002 "The water-supply of the Cypros Fortress", in D. Amit - J. Patrich - Y. Hirschfeld (eds.), The Aqueducts of Israel (Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementum 46), Portsmouth 2002, pp. 313-329.
Nigro, F.
1998 "Il parco archeologico per la conservazione e la valorizzazione di Tell es-Sultan, antica Gerico", in N. Marchetti - L. Nigro (eds.), Scavi a Gerico, 1997. Relazione preliminare sulla prima campagna di scavi e prospezioni archeologiche a Tell es-Sultan, Palestina (Quaderni di Gerico I), Rome 1998, pp. 205-229 (in particular p. 208).
Ovadiah, A.
1970 Corpus of Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land (Theophaneia. Beiträge zur religions- und Kirchengeschichte des Altertums 22), Bonn 1970 (in particular p. 50).
Ovadiah, A. - de Silva, C.G.
1981 "Supplement of the Corpus of the Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land (Part I)", in Levant 13 (1981), pp. 200-261 (in particular pp. 213-214).
1982 "Supplement of the Corpus of the Byzantine Churches in the Holy Land Part II: Updated Material on Churched discussed in the Corpus", in Levant 14 (1982), pp. 122-170 (in particular p. 137).
Patrich, J.
1987-1988 "Judean Desert, Survey of Caves – 1985-1986", in Excavations and Surveys in Israel 6 (1987/88), pp. 66-70 (in particular p. 66).
1990 "The Cells (Ta Kellia) of Choziba, Wadi el-Qilt", in G.C. Bottini - L. Di Segni - E. Alliata (eds.), Christian Archaeology in the Holy Land - New Discoveries. Essays in Honour of Virgilio C. Corbo,OFM (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Collectio Maior 36), Jerusalem 1990, pp. 205-226.
Schneider, A.M.
1931 "Das Klostere der Theotokos zu Choziba im Wadi Qelt", in Römische Quartalschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 39 (1931), pp. 297-332.
Sion, O.
1996 "The Monasteries of the Desert of the Jordan", in Liber Annuus 46 (1996), pp. 245-264 (in particular p. 259).
Vailhe, S.
1898 "Les Laures de Sainte Gérasime et de Calamon", in Échos d'Orient 1898, pp. 106-119 (in particular pp. 112-119).
Yahya, A.
2007 PACE Tourguide of Jericho & Vicinity. Historical, Archaeological and Religious Sites, Ramallah 2007 (in particular pp. 6-8).